Different forms of violence are more likely to happen to children belonging to vulnerable groups vulnerable groups. Social inequality and social weakness of the group to which the child belongs can affect the child’s situation and social inclusion, personal empowerment and educational opportunities and performance at school, making him or her more vulnerable and weaker than other children. Children belonging to children of other ethnic and religious groups, children of migrants and foreigners, children who do not speak are more likely than other children to be rejected, social isolation, unfair treatment, humiliation, ridicule, physical violence and other violent acts.

The violence they experience often leads to a spiral of violence. A child who experiences daily exclusion and attacks by peers, may themselves turn to violence as a means of defence and retaliation for the injustices committed.

Children who belong to vulnerable social groups are more likely to be victims of different types of violence.

Vulnerable groups within the educational establishment include children with special needs. Children with disabilities are more likely to be exposed to peer violence than their peers, mainly because of the characteristics that they differ from the general population. Some authors identify three reasons for this:

  1. learning or other difficulties increase the risk, that such a child becomes a victim
  2. these children are socially less well integrated into the classroom
  3. some children with behavioural problems often behave aggressively and appear as both, the perpetrator and the victim